Tokens often get called digital coins. However, this isn’t correct. There is a major difference!
Tokens are created on existing blockchains. In fact, thanks to the creation and facilitation of smart contracts, the most common blockchain token platform is Ethereum. Tokens that are built on the Ethereum platform are known as ERC-20 tokens.
However, there are others such as NEO, Waves, Lisk, and Stratis. While, as mentioned above, tokens on the Ethereum platform are known as ERC-20 tokens, NEO uses tokens known as NEP-5 tokens.
Anyone can make their own custom token on one of these platforms.
Tokens are often used to fuel one Dapp and thus don’t have the infrastructure to deploy new smart contracts or be a foundation to build on.